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Concord, ON, Canada


Atmospheric electricity, latent heat, and ambipolar radiation:
a new view of geophysics and meteorology,
challenging the primacy of ionization theory

by Correa, Paulo N., Correa, Alexandra N. & Askanas, Malgosia

Published in September 2002.     58 pages.

Experimental Aetherometry, Vol. 4

Monograph AS2-27

Price:   US $23   ($18 ISFA)


The present communication compares and contrasts two views of atmospheric physics: one based upon ionization theory, the other upon Aetherometry. It also reviews the impact of Vol.s 1 and 2 of Experimental Aetherometry upon a reformulation of basic geophysical and atmospheric processes.



1. Does molecular work need to be considered in addressing the problem of the spontaneous electroscopic discharge?
We argue that it does, and discuss how. The gravitational interactions of the electroscope.

2. Cyclonic weather: can ions account for the electroscopic response to cloud systems?
They cannot account for the equal acceleration of leakage and seepage observed during the passage of clouds.

3. Anticyclonic weather: can ions account for the diurnal variations in electroscopic discharge?

3a. Is there a correlation between the diurnal variation of the earth's electric field or potential gradient, reported in the literature, and the diurnal pattern of electroscopic discharge in anticyclonic weather?
Since leakage and seepage show the same basic pattern of diurnal variation, this pattern cannot be caused by variations in the (negative) electric field of the earth, but may rather serve as a clue towards explaining it.

3b. Do ion concentrations present characteristic diurnal variations in anticyclonic weather?
The various diurnal patterns of varying concentrations of ions of different classes are examined, along with the two fundamental ion concentration patterns of fair weather days in the warm season.

3c. How do these findings regarding the diurnal variations of ion concentrations affect the findings of Vol. 1 of Experimental Aetherometry?
The diurnal pattern observed for leakage and seepage of atmospheric electroscopes in fair weather cannot be explained by the mass-spectrographic diurnal patterns of air ion concentrations, neither in amplitude, nor by correlation with the pattern of burst days. Determination of the ion fluxes and concentrations that would be implied by the electroscopic observations is also carried out.

4. Is there covariation between increasing relative humidity during nighttime and increasing concentrations of ions of both polarities? Between nighttime temperature drops and ion concentrations? What of the relation between water evaporation and latent heat?
We suggest that the only way to make sense of the relationship between the electroscopic curve and %RH is by considering the higher environmental availability of latent heat indirectly caused by the lowering of the dewpoint.

5. Can ion concentrations explain the soft correlation between high pressure and slow electroscopic discharge rates?
The answer follows from the findings of Sections 2 and 3.

6. Can the deceleration and arrest of seepage and leakage inside ORACs and Faraday cages be explained by mechanical ion blockage by the walls of these enclosures?
No. Encased and caseless identical electroscopes present the same rate of discharge in spite of mechanical ion blockage by the case. And neither can the observed discharge patterns inside ORACs and Faraday cages be accounted for by mechanical ion blockage.

7. Positive demonstration of a gravitokinetic energy flux: photoinduced antigravitokinetic regeneration with LFOT photons.

8. What are the actual main atmospheric effects of solar ambipolar and blackbody radiations?

9. A better systematization of electroscopic processes.

10. What, then, is the source of the earth's electric field in fair weather? Can anticyclonic days be exhaustively defined by monopolar charge parameters? What are the roles of the latent and sensible heat byproducts of ambipolar radiation?
We suggest that monopolar mechanisms do not sufficiently explain these phenomena, and that one must bring to bear upon them both non-electric factors and massfree ambipolar interactions.