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ISSN: 1915-8408

The Toroidal Fine-Structure of the Electron
(Republished from GJSFR)

by Gene Gryziecki
Aurora Biophysics Research Institute

J Aetherom Res, Volume 3, Issue 4 (April 2023),  pp. 1-8

Article ID:   JAR03-04-01

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The present paper by longtime Akronos and ABRI collaborator Gene Gryziecki has first appeared in the Global Journal of Science Frontier Research (https://globaljournals.org/GJSFR_Volume23/1-The-Toroidal-Fine-Structure.pdf), and is now republished as Issue 4 of Volume 3 of the Journal of Aetherometric Research. It summarizes the essential features of the aetherometric structure of the electron, in particular the novel understanding of the electron as a torus ring, and a heuristic conception of the Bohr radius and the Bohr-Heisenberg model of the atom.

The Bohr theory of the hydrogen atom, theorized by Niels Bohr (1885-1962), includes a negatively charged point-mass electron that travels in a circular orbit about a positively charged nucleus. In the atom’s lowest energy (or ground) state, the distance between the two particles is called the Bohr radius and is equal to 0.529 x 10-10 m. Since then, further investigation indicated that sometimes the electron behaves like a wave and sometimes like a particle. Thus, the Bohr-Heisenberg model of the atom arose, in which the electron exists only as a cloud or fuzzy cavity about the nucleus and measurements are based upon the probability of a point particle being found at a certain location in the cloud. However, the Correas' research in the past two decades has resulted in expanding the well-known mass-energy equation into a rigorous set of relations that provide the electric and magnetic fine-structure and the volumetric structure of the electron as a closed-flux torus, all in agreement with 2018 Codata values. These developments put into question the physical meaning of the Bohr radius and its implications – the Bohr-Heisenberg theory of the hydrogen atom and its description of an electron as a point-mass particle that only exists when its probability wave collapses.