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Abstracts of Labofex Monographs


Communications and Labofex Reports on Pulsed Plasmas


LS1-07 Metallographic and excess energy density studies of different LGENTM cathodes
subject to a PAGD regime in vacuum

Correa PN, Correa AN

[LS1-07 cover]

Supplementing the material detailed in Labofex's Scientific Reports S1-02, S1-06, and the PCT/CA93/00311 Application regarding the design of PAGD generators (LGENTM reactors), this Scientific Report addresses the PAGD current densities at the electrodes, in the cathode PAGD plasma ball and at the emission foci. Determination of the latter two parameters required both videographic and metallographic analyses, performed utilizing diverse types of cathode metals. PAGD cathode affinity was found to correlate with the electronegativity and work-function of the metal employed, PAGD affinity increasing with decreasing work-function. Anode surface distortions were equally examined. Utilizing this data together with determinations of the pulse input energy and the energy associated with the anomalous cathode reaction forces (proportional to 103 to 104 i2) observed in the LGENTM reactors during operation in the PAGD regime, we ascertained the fuel (cathode metal) consumption per PAGD, as well as the energy density of the fuel employed and expected cathode lifetimes.

On the basis of the results herein presented, the PAGD regime can be regarded to be an autogenous pulsatory plasma discharge regime characterized by the presence of quasi-periodic, self-generating and self-extinguishing autoelectronic cold cathode emissions that segment an abnormal plasma glow, and do so at low values of the breakdown field and at variance with the Fowler-Nordheim field-emission theory (that governs the VAD regime) with respect to the observed PAGD (low) emission current densities. Lastly, the PAGD regime deploys large anomalous reaction forces comparable to the reaction forces that have been described for water-plasma arcs, and 100x greater than those observed in VADs.

  (5.6 MB)


LS1-25 Aether power from pulsed plasmas

Correa PN, Correa AN

[LS1-25 cover]

The Correas, for the first time, introduce the reader to their model of the electron. They proceed to an examination of the normal glow dicharge and indentify, in Paschen's law, an unsuspected contribution from the "vacuum state" which indicates a local manifestation of emissions of ambipolar massfree radiation. Lastly, they apply their approach, in summary form, to the manifestation of anomalous cathode reaction forces in autoelectronically pulsed plasma discharges.

This is a provocative, experimentally-based report, due to be followed by an explicit detailing of the physical processes involved - processes which, to this day, remain unknown to conventional plasma physics.

This monograph must be purchased before it can be viewed.

  (US$25 / $20 ISFA)          VIEW  (1.1 MB)


ISNE3 Excess Energy (XS NRGTM) conversion system utilizing autogenous Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharge (aPAGD)

Correa PN, Correa AN

[ISNE3 cover]

By producing sustainable pulsations in a cold-cathode vacuum tube, the (XS NRGTM) energy conversion system operates to generate electrical energy output well in excess of power input. After capture, the energy from the plasma reactor passes through the rectification circuit of the XS NRGTM System as DC output. An overall performance efficiency of 483% is reported in the data to be presented. The pulsations occur at a controlled frequency without the need for an external pulse forming circuit. The observed spontaneous auto-electronic emission occurs under conditions not anticipated by the Fowler-Nordheim paradigm, and appears to involve an anomalous cathode reaction force conforming to Aspden's Law of Electrodynamics, first enunciated by Dr. H. Aspden in 1969. High resolution metallographic results give evidence of the auto-electronic signature responsible for the anomalous PAGD (Pulsed Abnormal Glow Discharge) function we have identified.

  (0.5 MB)