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[ExpAeth vol 1 cover]

ISBN - 0-9689060-0-1

Out of print
Available in electronic format

394 pages
Figures and Tables, Bibliography, Index

Table of Contents

Experimental Aetherometry, Volume 1
Paulo N. Correa & Alexandra N. Correa

This First Volume of Experimental Aetherometry provides, for the first time in the history of science and with new methodologies, a solid, in-depth study and analysis of the thermal and electroscopic anomalies originally discovered by Wilhelm Reich, and described by him as demonstrations of the benign effect of special enclosures that he called orgone accumulators (ORACs). The thermal anomaly is characterized by a constant positive temperature difference between the space at the top of the inner metallic layer of an ORAC and the surrounding atmosphere. The electroscopic anomaly is characterized by the fact that charged electroscopes discharge more slowly inside an ORAC than outside of it.

In the course of this exploration of the two fundamental ORAC phenomena, the Correas verify the two basic anomalies proposed by Reich, reproduce the Reich-Einstein experiment with a Faraday cage under stringent conditions and with novel controls, propose a new treatment of the electric and nonelectric (gravitational) interactions of massbound charges trapped in the conduction band of metals, examine the behavior of atmospheric electroscopes with respect to meteorological and geophysical functions, demonstrate electroscopic arrest induced by the midday Sun, introduce a novel experimental model for the charging of electroscopes, identify the distinctive electroscopic response of living systems, determine the blackbody spectra of ORACs, optimize the ORACs' production of anomalous sensible and latent heats, show how the slowing down of the electroscopic discharge by ORACs occurs independently from the polarity of the charged electroscope and often reaches complete arrest of the discharge, create a novel method to determine the latent heat accumulated inside ORACs, and discuss the problems with the fundamental concepts of orgonometry.

For those interested in new physics or the physics of the massfree Aether, this is an indispensable, ground-breaking publication that lays down some of the most fundamental tools of the new science of Aetherometry.

Reviews of Experimental Aetherometry


[ExpAeth vol 2A cover]

ISBN - 0-9689060-1-X

Out of print
Available in electronic format

265 pages
Figures and Tables, Bibliography, List of Publications

Table of Contents

Experimental Aetherometry, Volume 2A
Paulo N. Correa & Alexandra N. Correa

This first part of the Second Volume of Experimental Aetherometry lays the foundations for the discovery of a new form of energy - longitudinal massfree ambipolar radiation - that has, for over a century and until this work, been thoroughly confused with electromagnetism, eluding analytical isolation by the methodology of accepted physical theory.

The Volume opens up with the Correas' discovery of the photo-induced arrest of the spontaneous electroscopic discharge. This is a stunning confirmation of the Correas' proposed distinction between two different types of blackbody photons, with very different physical, chemical and biological effects. By applying the novel methodologies they pioneered to the allotropic cycle of the terrestrial atmosphere, the authors lay the basic groundwork for the new discipline of "aetherochemistry", and distinguish it from both radiochemistry and photochemistry. They also balance, for the first time, the enthalpy of the atmospheric cycle of ozone, oxygen and water. At the core of the present Volume, the reader will be engaged by an entirely novel physico-mathematical investigation of the relations between the electromagnetic field, the gravitational field, and the two main forms (electric and nonelectric) of the dynamic Aether - ambipolar radiation ("Dark energy") and latent heat. This leads to a surprising encounter between aetherometric science and natural philosophy (the thoughts of Spinoza, Leibniz and Deleuze in particular) on the one hand, and to a new, unsuspected conjunction between the natural researches of Tesla and Reich, on the other. An initial approach is also made to redefining the basic functions of the theory of electricity. The role of secondary superimposition of aether energy in the creation of Matter, and its essential functions in the generation of the gravitational field, in aetherochemical cycles, in emission phenomena and in the electroscopic kinetoregenerative phenomenon, are also introduced, along with their conventional or experimental evidence.

The Volume ends with a long study which, for the first time, physically and analytically identifies Tesla radiation as massfree, longitudinal, ambipolar energy, and links up with the problematics of Reich's investigations of orgone energy using radiation counters, Tesla coils and antennas. The findings clearly demonstrate that what Reich meant by massfree orgone energy (and, also, by DOR energy) can only be identical to what Tesla meant by longitudinal electric wave energy or Aetherometry means by ambipolar radiation. However, the experimental and analytical tools that both Reich and Tesla lacked and sorely needed to establish the distinct reality of this energy could never have come to fruition other than through Aetherometry and its box of tools. This will lead, in the next Volume, to the complete identification of the ambipolar continuum and its spectra, along with a complete physico-mathematical treatment of massfree ambipolar energy.

Reviews of Experimental Aetherometry


[ExpAeth vol 2B cover]

ISBN - 0-9689060-2-8

Printed by University of Toronto Press
370 pages
Figures and Tables, Bibliography, Publications, Index
Price:  $119.95 / $89.95 ISFA + shipping
Canadian sales include GST.

Table of Contents

Experimental Aetherometry, Volume 2B:
The Discovery of Dark Massfree Energy

Paulo N. Correa & Alexandra N. Correa

The final part of the Second Volume of Experimental Aetherometry ushers in a Massfree Revolution in Physics. It is the enunciation of an energy-based physics of immanence in the tradition of Spinoza and Leibniz; and it is also an intricate experimental journey that completes and unifies the pioneering work of Tesla and Reich - but goes well beyond them, into territories they could only dream of. The Correas demonstrate how Tesla was quite correct in proposing the existence of an electric Aether; how the anomaly that has been variously known as - Tesla waves, Tesla radiation, Tesla currents or longitudinal electricity - becomes seamlessly integrated, through a strict experimental and theoretical effort, into the properties of what the Correas call ambipolar radiation or massfree electricity. Through rigorous, original experiments, the Correas show how Reich's discoveries concerning massfree energy (OR and DOR) and its dual effect (thermal and electroscopic) upon Orgone Accumulators and Faraday cages are reproducible using ambipolar radiation sourced in the Sun or in induction coils. Thus, this book could as well be titled "The Re-Discovery of the ORgone as Tesla Waves" or "as Massfree Electricity". It is, in fact, the introductory compendium needed for understanding its follow-up, the Third Volume of Experimental Aetherometry on the Aether Motor and the Orgone Motor.

But the present volume goes well beyond rediscovery. It is the articulation of a new physics of electricity, for massbound and massfree charges. It lays the foundations for a novel electrodynamics. It proposes a radically different theory of electromagnetism, in particular blackbody photons and 'sunlight', and how these spectra are generated by the electric Aether. It gives new critical insights into the chemical structure and allotropic processes of the terrestrial atmosphere (formation of water, oxygen, hydrogen and ozone). Solar radiation is finally understood as massfree electric energy, and its spectrum is for the first time provided. Finally, this seminal work shatters the accepted cosmological and astrophysical interpretations of the microwave Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR), by way of (1) a new model for the creation of Matter from Dark Massfree Energy, (2) identification of the latter's cosmic spectrum (CBOR) and (3) an energy-based articulation of the Space and Time manifolds. In the words of the authors: "We challenge radioastronomers and NASA to determine whether or not we are correct in predicting radio CBRs from cosmological baryons (hydrogen and helium in particular) in extragalactic space".

Tesla was convinced that ambipolar radiation could not be reduced to fluxes of monopolar charges (massbound electricity) or to electromagnetic radiation, but he failed to adequately distinguish it from either of these. Likewise, Reich failed to provide the energy and frequency spectra of OR and DOR radiation or to concretely identify his concept of 'orgonotic charges' - which confusedly shared both electric and nonelectric characteristics. Before this groundbreaking work, no one had discovered the spectrum of massfree electric energy, described its characteristics, or studied its physical interactions. The present work does just this, by bringing its scientific methodology to bear upon both the strengths and the shortcomings of the approaches of Tesla and Reich, breaking the mythological stronghold that has surrounded them and which for so long has impeded a legitimate scientific understanding of their endeavors. For the first time, the spectrum of the electric Aether (Tesla waves), with its DOR and OR subspectra, is clearly identified - and so is the nature of massfree ambipolar energy. For these reasons, this volume could have been called "The Discovery of Massfree Electricity", were it not also the discovery of the nonelectric Aether - the latent energy of the continuum of Space and Time.

Reviews of Experimental Aetherometry


[Nanometric Functions cover]

ISBN - 1-894840-29-1

Out of print

Available for electronic download
with purchase of Volume 2:
Human Experimental Bioenergetics

452 pages
Introduction by Dr. Eugene Mallove
Figures and Tables, 38 Color Plates,
Bibliography, Index

Table of Contents


Foundations of Aetherometric Biophysics, Volume 1:
Nanometric Functions of Bioenergy

Paulo N. Correa & Alexandra N. Correa

Could there be an intimate physical relationship between the molecular structure of DNA/RNA with its protein machinery, and the nanometric structure of the energies deployed by biological systems? What are these energies? Do they always bear mass? Are they always affected to mass? And what is the nature of that intimate physical relationship? What defines a biological system? Do disorder and entropy always increase in parallel? Does negentropy have a physical sense? Is there an energetic specificity to the living, or is biological specificity merely and solely molecular? Are there submolecular specificities to the living?

These insistent questions are fundamental problems of molecular and submolecular biology which the present book - Volume One of the Foundations Aetherometric Biophysics - addresses from an entirely novel perspective. The authors develop the aetherometric method and introduce the reader to its application in the nanometric domains of bioenergetic physics, biochemistry, systems theory, and molecular biology. What emerges is a very different view of Life and living systems than has been proposed by previous theories of Biology - be they stochastic, mechanistic, deterministic, or vitalistic, mystical or animistic. Even the topic of the submolecular properties of water is explored anew - well beyond present-day nanochemical understanding. From the massfree energy level, to the submolecular, the molecular and the cellular, Nanometric Functions of Bioenergy tracks the imprints of complex and subtle energies responsible for biological submolecular functions and the creation of structure on both micro and macro scales. Living systems may, at last, be analytically grasped in their functional complexity as systems capable of superimposing very different types and orders of energy, both electromagnetic and nonelectromagnetic, in polar regimes of assemblage - in short, as systems of superimposition, accumulation and interconversion of energy.

Reviews of Nanometric Functions of Bioenergy


[Human Experimental Bioenergetics cover]

Published in electronic form only

984 pages + Appendices
142 Diagrams, Figures and Pictures

Price:  $40.00    
includes electronic version
of Nanometric Functions of Bioenergy

Canadian sales include GST.

Table of Contents

Abstract in PDF format


Foundations of Aetherometric Biophysics, Volume 2:
Human Experimental Bioenergetics

Paulo N. Correa & Alexandra N. Correa

In this book, Vol. II of the Foundations of Aetherometric Biophysics, the Correas detail their experimental and theoretical studies of the bioelectricity of the human body, made possible by application of the novel bioelectric meter (BEM) that they have designed and built.

The BEM is an exquisitely sensitive, entirely passive field- and contact-metering detector for the determination of the velocity (speed and direction), energy and power of electric currents, both ambipolar (radiative) and monopolar (bioplasma and electrostatic), from living bodies. It detects and measures emissions and currents for bodies either in contact with, or in varying proximity to, different meter probes; and it performs according to the aetherometric electric functions the Correas have identified and previously reported on, in particular for ambipolar radiant electricity and for electron bioplasmas kineticized by absorption of ambipolar energy.

Most prominent among the results are the experimental confirmation of the potential aetherometrically predicted 15 years ago for the ambipolar (electric) energy field of a typical human body, and the discovery and measurement of the associated electron bioplasma in its native state, including its resonant capacito-inductive frequency. The BEM has permitted rigorous investigation of very distinct electric actions of the human body, many of them previously unknown or never studied - such as:

  1. the detection and measurement of the antero-posterior, dorso-ventral, bilateral and proximo-distal gradients of the electron bioplasma that rides on, and rectifies the action of, the radiative ambipolar emission;
  2. the isolation of distinct ambipolar auras emitted by the human body (ambipolar exhalpy) and the identification of the electric processes responsible for these emissions: (a) a proximal (within 60 cm from the body) polarity-alternating aura that is projected from within the body; (b) a far-reaching polarity-constant aura associated with the motion of the body; and (c) a far-reaching polarity-constant aura emitted by the stationary body;
  3. the discovery of a distal "draw" effect of the human body that negatively interferes with the propagation of AC and RF signals, and is the result of superimposition of these signals with the far-reaching polarity-constant ambipolar aura emitted by the stationary body;
  4. a demonstration that thermal exhalpy by IR photon production correlates with the variations in bioplasma potential, (virtual) temperature, energy and power (or current);
  5. the identification of the real biophysical electric process whereby transmissions from AC power lines, RF transmitters or microwave towers, etc, affect the human body.

The authors further propose that biological ion-electricity is a mere derivative of the bioplasma currents - as they demonstrate the real action potentials, bioambipolar and bioplasmic, involved in limb motion.

All these biological processes are shown to be strictly electrical, casting doubt on any claims of a fundamental biological role of electromagnetic fields, even those that pertain to current models of Quantum Biology. The Correas formally demonstrate - with photo-responsive variants of the BEM - that whatever transmits the 60 Hz AC signal is not an "electromagnetic" 60 Hz photon, but an emission of ambipolar radiation that carries that signal. They propose a novel analytical and physical model for the emission of ambipolar radiation by cooperative electron-electron interactions that are ordered magnetically, and apply this model both to the energy transmission from microwave towers or power lines, and to the emission of polarity-constant ambipolar auras from the skin bioplasma. They formally demonstrate how all signals, whether electric - AC or DC - or electromagnetic, are transmitted ambipolarly.

The findings detailed in this report confirm the Correas' earlier proposal (in "Nanometric Functions of Bioenergy", Vol. I of the Foundations of Aetherometric Biophysics) that the normal temperature of human beings (37°C) reflects modal photon production (thermal exhalpy) from leptonic charges in the bioplasma that are driven by a modal ambipolar emission with a 512.79 V potential. This leads to the suggestion that the main IR emission from the surface of the body peaks at 47 μm of wavelength, not 9 μm as is currently and erroneously accepted. Eventually, the Correas find a way to measure the human bioplasma with an electroscope, and succeed in extending the method to measure a geoplasma in the Earth's crust. While Russian and Israeli physicists failed in providing a physical basis for the concept of a bioplasma, the Correas identify the bilaminar structures of these STP plasmas in semi-aqueous phases, and provide hard evidence for their deep storage in conductors. This is further addressed in an Appendix which discusses the basic inability of quantum mechanics and radiation theories to understand the temperature of electron gases in metals, and the existence of deep plasma wells.

The concluding chapter integrates and reviews most of the findings. It then moves on to present the aetherometric model of the electric functions of the heart and the nervous system in generating, maintaining and integrating the bio-ambipolar and bioplasma fluxes. With a low-impedance BEM-analyzer that records simultaneous channels for any grouping of three different ambipolar frequencies (e.g. in the delta, theta, and alpha or beta bands), the Correas bring forth evidence that suggests how delta waves may play the role of an ambipolar master clock (AMC) - both in the synchronization of the brain and the autonomic nervous system, and in the vagotonic control of the cardiac pulse rate. Following a fine analysis of the PQRST wave complex, the authors identify the cardiac ambipolar frequencies that are autonomously generated by the pacemaker cells in the two cardiac nodes.

Neural centers located mid-sagittally in the brain and in the sacral cord appear to be the originators of the delta wave AMC. Synchronous but countervailing emissions from these two bioelectric neural sources - together with the autonomous cardiac emissions they modulate - order the antero-posterior gradients of the body, and identify the superimposition of a major and a minor component. The antero-posterior flow of the bioplasma is split bilaterally by the sagittal plane, presenting non-symmetric magnitudes for voltage, temperature and power, with all normal values resulting from bilateral integration. While the BEM-analyzer can be employed to study EEG emissions, including their whole-body propagation, it can also be used to detect the so-called atmospheric Schumann frequencies - which the Correas demonstrate in a Faraday cage environment to be ambipolar in nature and equally present in the Earth's crust (the electrical ground). They also show how the main Schumann frequency does not fill the master clock function - contrary to popular misconceptions.

The antero-posterior gradient is found to be transversely criss-crossed by stacked dorso-ventral bioplasma currents that are ordered in autonomic plexuses and seamlessly regulated in five distinct body segments (cranial, cephalic, brachyal-thoracic, lumbar and sacral). Each segment develops - at the skin and mediastinally - its own polarity-constant standing gradient that is autonomically maintained, and can be manipulated (as the Correas demonstrate) by hot and cold treatments, the latter including the Wim Hof-method of oxygenation, which they test with very positive results. The authors also map the more complex variation of polarity and direction for the proximo-distal axes of each segment; these axes appear to be the most labile of all gradients, as they can be readily induced to invert, symmetrically or not, their polarity. Rather unexpectedly, the Correas succeed in manipulating these proximo-distal gradients to open up a whole new field of "electrostatic" and biomagnetic effects that have heretofore gone undetected. Biomagnetically, they identify the preferred vortical structure of the bioplasma flux in the upper limbs, and suggest that flux-blockages or knots have a magnet-crystal structure that bars the natural bioplasma flow.

The book then embarks on a totally novel examination of the Chinese school of medical acupuncture. The meridian structure of the body is analyzed in detail and, based on the totally passive measurements made with the BEM, a new diagram of the bioplasma flow - along meridians and between them - emerges. The nature of acupoints and Ch'i conduits is identified, along with the aetherometric proposal that they locate in the interstitium. The complex relation between the meridians and the dorso-ventral axes leads to a re-evaluation of their relation with the autonomic nervous system, including the function of the orgasm that is sourced in the sacral cord.

The approaches developed in this work radically alter the scientific systematization of the bioenergetics of the human body - which, as the Correas demonstrate, is fundamentally an electric bioenergetics ultimately driven by the somatic capture of ambipolar energy and enzymatic emulation of ambipolar emission, as coordinatized by the three vegetative centers (sacral cord, diencephalon and heart). The systematic and comprehensive investigation encompasses consideration of all the other energy components of the human biological system. Whether in the bioelectric centers or in the soma proper, the ambipolar energy field and consequent bioplasma mobilization is emitted from mitochondria and perinuclear cisternae. The Correas identify the biophysical and biochemical processes that restore or re-energize the bioplasma, and propose that calcium phosphite plays the fundamental role of providing free electrons. They give account of the gravitational energy components in the human body - how they affect shape and surface tension, and how gravity is counteracted by a portion of the bioplasma work; furthermore, they examine the latent heat of the biochemical constructs that form the body, and propose a new theory of buoyancy based on the relative massfree energy densities between a body and the surrounding medium. This integrative aetherometric investigation then returns to the problem of how heat is generated by biological open systems. By considering biochemical generation of heat to be merely a recursive and subsidiary function, the Correas find that the main production of biological heat is electromagnetic, and generated, it too, by only a portion of the total bioplasma work.

There is, therefore, no electromagnetic bioenergetics per se to the human biological system, only an electric bioenergetics. All other energy manifestations present within the body are mere conversions of the bioplasma's electrokinetic energy. The thermal exhalpy is normally electromagnetic - not the result of a thermokinetic work or biochemical reactions, but rather the result of the electrokinetic work of the bioplasma. It follows that there is no possible application of any of the concepts of an actual, thermal entropy to open biological systems - at best, only to that part of the system's exhalpy that is thermal. All other entropy functions can only be virtual in open systems. Order and entropy do not define opposite tendencies, since order depends on the growth of the internal energy function of a system, and if the system is an open one, the internal energy cannot increase without an increase in its virtual entropy

Taken together, these discoveries suggest that the body has at least one double, an ordered massbound bioplasma that is driven by ambipolar energy. And since the ultimate foundation of this bioplasmic order is an ambipolar energy field, it seems that it is this massfree field which, in the process of development of each human being, becomes ordered and fasciculated as the real double of the body. The post-birth appearance of putative delta emitters in the frontal and cortical regions of the brain may be already indicative of a bio-ambipolar order that expands with development. And maybe, also, that is the meaning of "making oneself a soul". For we may all be born with the ambipolar seed of a massfree "double"; but a soul, like a body, is a matter of development and order. Which is to say, a matter of energy, or better, of an economy of massfree energy - one that maximizes and orders the internal energy of a system, and minimizes its total exhalpy. The cosmos can only conserve its energy, but living beings can increase and order their energy - though at a cost: after all, there is at least one absolute certainty in existence: all that lives, dies sometime. But death may not be the end, and the task of existence may well lie in the "eternal dream" of the "cosmic butterfly": how life may yield to the metamorphosis of an ambipolar massfree being. At this point of the book, aetherometric science meets ethics. The book ends by charting exactly how such a transformation may come about, energetically and cosmically. Upon departing, it leaves each reader with that challenge: how to make oneself a soul.


[Discovery of the Orgone Motor cover]

ISBN - 0-9689060-3-6

Printed by University of Toronto Press
343 pages
Figures, Tables, Bibliographies

Table of Contents
Chapter Abstracts



Experimental Aetherometry, Volume 3A
The Discovery of the Aether Motor (1):
(Re-)Discovery of the Orgone Motor

Paulo N. Correa & Alexandra N. Correa

This book, the first part of a two-volume publication on the Aether Motor/Converter, is dedicated to the investigation and reproduction of - and improvement upon - both the work of Nikola Tesla in his search for an Aether Motor, and Wilhelm Reich's discovery and invention of the Orgone Motor in 1947-1948. Reich's quest took its point of departure, in large measure, from where Tesla had left the quest he had initiated.

In the second volume of this series, the Correas go beyond the principles of the Orgone Motor to develop a full Aether Motor/Converter. These two books are also part of the journey of Experimental Aetherometry (constituting volumes IIIA and IIIB of the series of that title), and mark the moment of its technological culmination. They present the reader with a new technology - the power technology of massfree energy - that employs both forms of the primary Aether, electric and nonelectric: ambipolar (Tesla) energy and latent heat. A comprehensive index of both works is scheduled to accompany the release of the second volume.

In the present volume, the Correas present the main principles behind the Aether Motor/Converter. In broad terms, these concern: operation of resonant ambipolar transmitters; the decoding and identification of Reich's secret Function Y that served as key to operating the Orgone Motor; the receiver circuit required to magnify the transmission and convert latent heat into ambipolar electricity; and the plasma and plasma-less methods employed to drive drag-cup motors and Reich's Spinners - KS-8624 and KS-9154 - or to charge batteries and capacitors. Included also is the extraordinary history of these KS-series motors and their special applications.

This book marks the beginning of a new age in science and technology - the age of massfree energy. It has been long in coming - but, at last, our epoch may be able to begin to understand and utilize intelligently the work of those two pioneers who laid the foundations for massfree science and technology: Nikola Tesla and Wilhelm Reich. May these volumes stand as a tribute to both of them, to their perseverance and to the finest of perceptive intelligences.